Coffee varieties

Coffee, more than an agricultural export product, is above all a commitment to the social, cultural, institutional and political fabric that has served as the basis for democratic stability and national integration. This activity represents the heart of rural society, offering a job, income and subsistence opportunity to millions of people.

Coffee is produced by more or less 80 countries, generally located in the tropics. It belongs to the Rubiaceae family and the Arabica species. Coffee worldwide is produced, mostly by large plantations for robust coffees because it is grown in flat areas and by small producers for Arabic coffees because of the little alternative for industrialization on the slopes of the mountains where they are grown.

The most commercially important coffee species in the world are Arabica and Robusta or Canephora. Both were originally found wild in African regions and brought to America.

Las especies de café más importantes comercialmente en el mundo son Arábica y Robusta o Canephora. Ambas fueron halladas originalmente salvajes en regiones africanas y traídas a América.

Coffee varieties

  • Arabica Coffee: Coffee with a smooth and pleasant flavor to the palate that highlights wild aromas and nuts.
  • Robusta Coffee: Coffee with a strong and bitter flavor that highlights a woody aroma.


This type of coffee has different varieties: Typica, Bourbon, Caturra, Maragogipe and Variety Colombia. It is produced in the regions that are crossed by the Andes mountain range and the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (highest mountain in the world at sea level), this crop stands out for its climatic properties where the intertropical convergence zone makes its passage giving the soil a topographical variant that provides quality in the grain.

There are varieties that have higher quality, despite having lower yields, so they are not very popular in Colombia, as is the case of Geisha coffee grown at altitudes above 1,400 meters above sea level with temperatures of 27 degrees Celsius.

The varieties of coffee represent different flavors and totally dissimilar experiences to the palate, which according to the roasting particular and unique flavors are extracted.

In Colombia, only Arabica Coffee is produced, which produces a soft drink, with greater acceptance in the world market.

Este tipo de café tiene diferentes variedades: Typica, Bourbon, Caturra, Maragogipe y Variedad Colombia. Se produce en las regiones que se encuentran atravesadas por la cordillera de los Andes y la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (montaña más alta del mundo al nivel del mar), este cultivo se destaca por sus propiedades climáticas en donde la zona de convergencia intertropical hace su paso otorgándole al suelo una variante topográfica que brinda calidad en el grano. 

Hay variedades que tienen mayor calidad, a pesar de tener menor rendimiento por lo que no son muy populares en Colombia, como es el caso de café Geisha cultivado a alturas superiores a 1400 msnm con en temperaturas de 27grados centígrados

Las variedades de café representan sabores diferentes y experiencias al paladar totalmente disímiles, que de acuerdo al tueste se extraen sabores particulares y únicos.

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